Cardio Force is a complete nutritional supplement for cardiovascular health, created from natural ingredients, based on the latest research. Here is a list of ingredients and a brief explanation of how these synergistic nutrients act to support heart health.
- Hawthorn Berry Extract is used to treat heart and blood vessel diseases like congestive heart failure, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, high and low blood pressure, atherosclerosis, and high cholesterol. Research suggests that hawthorn might be effective in treating congestive heart failure and may have blood pressure-lowering activity1,2.
- Terminalia arjuna (Arjuna) is an Indian medicinal plant whose bark extract has been used for centuries as a treatment for heart disease. Arjuna has been clinically shown to produce long lasting improvement in those exhibiting signs of heart failure3.
- Magnesium is an essential mineral nutrient in the human body. Magnesium has been shown to increase survival rate and improve clinical systems of those already on optimal treatment for severe congestive heart failure4. Inadequate magnesium has been associated with cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and stroke5,6.
- Manganese serves an important role in human health by aiding in development, metabolism, and the antioxidant system. Manganese works with enzymes in the body to eliminate free radicals, protecting the heart and blood vessels7.
- Andrographis and Bromelain block inflammation and promote healing by aiding in elimination of dead tissue8-11.
- Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) functions in every cell of the body to synthesize energy. Coenzyme Q10 also has important antioxidant functions in the body and regenerates other antioxidants such as vitamin E. CoQ10 has the potential to provide benefit in those suffering from cardiovascular diseases12.
- Vitamin E is an antioxidant protects blood vessels from the buildup of plaque. Studies have shown that a high intake of vitamin E has been associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease. Those who consume vitamin E regularly generally have a lower risk of heart attack and stroke than those who do not13,14,15.
All B vitamins help your body process food to use for energy and other bodily functions. B vitamins all support heart and full body health.
- Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency may cause irregular heartbeat and heart failure in advance cases. Serious cases of thiamine deficiency may lead to Beriberi, a neurological and cardiovascular disease16.
- Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) deficiency can cause anemia and has been implicated in cancer17.
- Niacin (Vitamin B3, Nicotinic acid) appears to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease18,19. Niacin has also been shown to increase “good” cholesterol in the blood and often used to treat those who are at high risk of a heart attack20.
- Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6). Heart failure often causes low levels of pyridoxine. Supplemental pyridoxine is necessary in order to maintain the health of red blood cells.
- Folic Acid (Vitamin B9) reduces stroke risk21.
- Methylcobalamin (Vitamin B12) used to treat pernicious anemia, a serious type of anemia that is due to vitamin B12 deficiency
- Vitamin D3 is a natural steroid made in the skin by sunlight from cholesterol. Vitamin D3 is important for the transport of calcium and magnesium from the gut and transport into the cells. It is essential for strong bones and teeth. It also is essential for normal glucose metabolism due to the insulin triggered intercellular exchange of calcium. (31-32)
- GTF chromium (polynicotinate) is a mineral that enhances the action of insulin, a hormone used to metabolize carbohydrates, fats, and proteins from the food you eat. It is especially useful for those with Type II diabetes by normalizing blood sugar levels. Because it has a huge impact on blood lipids, it aids in the prevention of cardiovascular plaque build up.
- Chromium(III) nicotinate (ChromeMate®) is an ionic substance used for chromium supplementation in some nutritional products, where it is also referred to as chromium polynicotinate. It appears in products that are referred to as a medical food used for nutritional support for conditions associated with diabetes mellitus type II. The product is also known as "niacin-bound chromium".
- Multiple studies have shown its effectiveness. (33-39)
- In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 40-subject study, researchers from Georgetown University and Creighton University found that 4 mg of ChromeMate®, delivering 400 mcg of chromium a day for three months maintained healthy cholesterol levels already within normal range.
- In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 34-subject study, researchers from Georgia Southern, Auburn University and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) showed that supplementation with 2 mg of ChromeMate®, delivering 200 mcg of chromium a day for eight weeks significantly supported healthy cholesterol levels already within normal range.
- In a randomized, placebo-controlled, 43-subject study, researchers from the University of Texas found that women taking 4 mg of ChromeMate®, delivering 400 mcg of chromium, a day in combination with exercise experienced significant weight loss (2.4 lbs) after eight weeks. An equal amount of elemental chromium from chromium picolinate did not increase weight loss.
- In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study, researchers from Georgetown University examined ChromeMate®'s impact on body weight. Twenty overweight African-American women, engaged in a modest diet-exercise regimen, participated in the study. The women took 6 mg of ChromeMate or a placebo a day for two months. ChromeMate significantly maintained lean body mass compared to placebo.
- Vanadium is used primarily for increasing insulin sensitivity, thereby helping the body maintain normal levels sugar in the blood. Vanadium may especially help improve blood sugar control in those suffering from Type II diabetes
- Molybdenum is an essential trace element and crucial for human survival. It helps break down food proteins into nutrients the body can use.
Cardio Force Complex is a dietary supplement—not medication. Cardio Force Complex does not claim to cure or prevent symptoms of heart disease. Anyone who has been diagnosed with heart problems should consult with their physician on the use of this and other nutritional supplements. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
- Pittler MH, Guo R, Ernst E (2008). Guo, Ruoling, ed. "Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews". Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Jan 23 (1): CD005312.
- Tassell, M.; Kingston, R.; Gilroy, D.; Lehane, M.; Furey, A. (2010). Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Pharmacognosy Review. 4(7): 32-41.
- Bharani A, Ganguly A, Bhargava KD (May 1995). "Salutary effect of Terminalia Arjuna in patients with severe refractory heart failure". International Journal of Cardiology 49 (3): 191–9.
- Stepura OB, Martynow AI (February 2008). "Magnesium orotate in severe congestive heart failure (MACH)". Int. J. Cardiol. 131 (2): 293–5.
- Romani, Andrea, M.P. (2013). "Chapter 3. Magnesium in Health and Disease". In Astrid Sigel, Helmut Sigel and Roland K. O. Sigel. Interrelations between Essential Metal Ions and Human Diseases. Metal Ions in Life Sciences 13. Springer. pp. 49–79.
- Larsson S. C., Virtanen M. J., Mars M. et al. (March 2008). "Magnesium, calcium, potassium, and sodium intakes and risk of stroke in male smokers". Arch. Intern. Med. 168 (5): 459–65.
- Roth, Jerome; Ponzoni, Silvia; Aschner, Michael (2013). "Chapter 6 Manganese Homeostasis and Transport". In Banci, Lucia. Metallomics and the Cell. Metal Ions in Life Sciences 12. Springer.
- Sheeja, K; Shihab, PK; Kuttan, G (2006). "Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of the plant Andrographis paniculata Nees". Immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology 28 (1): 129–40.
- Xia, YF; Ye, BQ; Li, YD; Wang, JG; He, XJ; Lin, X; Yao, X; Ma, D; Slungaard, A; Hebbel, RP; Key, NS; Geng, JG (2004). "Andrographolide attenuates inflammation by inhibition of NF-kappa B activation through covalent modification of reduced cysteine 62 of p50". Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 173 (6): 4207–17.
- Brien S, Lewith G, Walker A (2004). "Bromelain as a Treatment for Osteoarthritis: a Review of Clinical Studies". Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine: eCAM. 1 (3): 251–257.
- Walker AF, Bundy R, Hicks SM, Middleton RW (2002). "Bromelain reduces mild acute knee pain and improves well-being in a dose-dependent fashion in an open study of otherwise healthy adults". Phytomedicine 9 (8): 681–6.
- Simon, E; Gariepy, J; Cogny, A; Moatti, A; Simon, A (2001). "Erythrocyte, but not plasma, vitamin E concentration is associated with carotid intima–media thickening in asymptomatic men at risk for cardiovascular disease.".Atherosclerosis 159: 193–200.
- Asplund, K (2002). "Antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review.". Journal of Internal Medicine 251: 372–392.
- Rimm, E.B; Stampfer, M.J; Ascherio, A (1993). "Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease in men". New England Journal of Medicine 328: 1450–6.
- Tanphaichitr V. Thiamin. In: Shils ME, Olsen JA, Shike M et al., editors.Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 9th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999
- Lane M, Alfrey CP (Apr 1965). "THE ANEMIA OF HUMAN RIBOFLAVIN DEFICIENCY". Blood 25: 432–442.
- Bruckert E, Labreuche J, Amarenco P (2010). "Meta-analysis of the effect of nicotinic acid alone or in combination on cardiovascular events and atherosclerosis". Atherosclerosis 210 (2): 353–61.
- Duggal JK, Singh M, Attri N, Singh PP, Ahmed N, Pahwa S, Molnar J, Singh S, Khosla S, Arora R (2010). "Effect of niacin therapy on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease". Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology and therapeutics 15 (2): 158–66.
- McGovern ME (2005). "Taking aim at HDL-C. Raising levels to reduce cardiovascular risk". Postgrad Med 117 (4): 29–30, 33–5, 39 passim.
- "Folic acid 'reduces stroke risks'". BBC News (London). 31 May 2007.
- Norman, Anthony W. (1998) Sunlight, season, skin pigmentation, vitamin D, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D:integral components of the vitamin D endocrine system.Am J Clin Nutr;67:1108–10.
- Cedric F. Garland, DrPH, Frank C. Garland, PhD, Edward D. Gorham, PhD, MPH, Martin Lipkin, MD, Harold Newmark, ScD, Sharif B. Mohr, MPH, and Michael F. Holick, MD, PhD (February 2006). "The Role of Vitamin D in Cancer Prevention". Am J Public Health96 (2): 252–261.
GTF chromium (polynicotinate), Chromate® (Chromium polynicotinate)
- Preuss HG, Wallerstedt D, Talpur N, et al. J Med. 2000;31:227-246.
- Preuss, H. G.; Bagchi, D.; Bagchi, M.; Rao, C. V. S.; Dey, D. K.; Satyanarayana, S. (May 2004). "Effects of a natural extract of (–)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA-SX) and a combination of HCA-SX plus niacin-bound chromium and Gymnema sylvestre extract on weight loss". Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism 6 (3): 171–180.
- "Mixture of chromium di- and tri-nicotinate as a source of chromium added for nutritional purposes in food supplements and in foods for particular nutritional uses". The EFSA Journal 887: 1–24. 2008.
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- Crawford V, Scheckenbach R, Preuss HG. Diabetes, Obesity Metab. 1999;1:331-337.